Zoological institution participation in a West Nile virus surveillance system

Implications for public health

E. Pultorak, Y. Nadler, D. Travis, A. Glaser, T. McNamara, S. D. Mehta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To identify attributes of zoological institutions and surveillance system factors that were associated with participation in the West Nile Virus Surveillance System for Zoological Institutions in the USA, and to assess the potential effectiveness of zoos as a novel data source for surveillance of emerging infectious zoonoses. Study design: Retrospective. Methods: The number of specimens submitted between August 2001 and December 2006 for West Nile virus testing was determined for each institution. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the distribution of number of specimens submitted and features of the institutions. Student's t-test was used to assess potential associations between institutional and animal collection characteristics and the total number of specimens submitted by each institution. Results: Factors associated with institutional participation include: submitting specimens for specific purposes of serosurvey testing, sentinel surveillance, vaccine titre checks, vaccine effectiveness, submitting specimens for multiple reasons, and communication with public health. Conclusion: Understanding how zoo and surveillance system characteristics are associated with participation in this surveillance effort may enhance public health efforts and the design of future zoological surveillance efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)592-599
Number of pages8
JournalPublic Health
Volume125
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

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West Nile virus
Vaccines
Public Health
Sentinel Surveillance
Information Storage and Retrieval
Zoonoses
Retrospective Studies
Communication
Students

Keywords

  • Public health partnership
  • Surveillance
  • Zoological institutions
  • Zoonoses

Cite this

Zoological institution participation in a West Nile virus surveillance system : Implications for public health. / Pultorak, E.; Nadler, Y.; Travis, D.; Glaser, A.; McNamara, T.; Mehta, S. D.

In: Public Health, Vol. 125, No. 9, 01.09.2011, p. 592-599.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pultorak, E. ; Nadler, Y. ; Travis, D. ; Glaser, A. ; McNamara, T. ; Mehta, S. D. / Zoological institution participation in a West Nile virus surveillance system : Implications for public health. In: Public Health. 2011 ; Vol. 125, No. 9. pp. 592-599.
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