Zircon U-Pb geochronology of the Zambales and Angat ophiolites, Luzon, Philippines: evidence for an Eocene arc-back arc pair

J.P. Encarnacion, S.B. Mukasa, E.C. Obille Jr

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Abstract

Two basement terranes, the Zambales ophiolite in the west, and the Angat ophiolite in the east, are exposed on the island of Luzon, separated by a circa 10 km thick and circa 100 km wide sedimentary basin. The structural and age relationships between the two ophiolitic blocks are central to understanding the geologic and tectonic development of the northern Philippines and evaluating models of terrane evolution proposed for this area of the western Pacific. Zircons from the Zambales and Angat terranes were analysed to better constrain their origin. The results show small age difference between the Zambales and Angat ophiolites, which suggests a common origin and obviates the need for a major structural discontinuity west of the Southern Sierra Madre beneath the Central Valley of Luzon. It is suggested that the Zambales-Angat ophiolite represents a preserved Eocene back-arc basin that opened behind an Eocene arc that developed within Cretaceous oceanic basement. In this model, the Zambales-Angat ophiolites are therefore not allochthonous terranes but part of a single plate, generated in situ, forming part of the autochthonous basement of Luzon. -from Authors
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19,991-20,004
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume98
Issue numberB11
StatePublished - 1993

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Export Date: 3 November 2016

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