ZEB1 coordinately regulates laminin-332 and β4 integrin expression altering the invasive phenotype of prostate cancer cells

Justin M. Drake, J. Matthew Barnes, Joshua M. Madsen, Frederick E. Domann, Christopher S. Stipp, Michael D. Henry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metastasis involves the invasion of cancer cells across both the extracellular matrix and cellular barriers, and an evolving theme is that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) may mediate invasive cellular behavior. Previously, we isolated and analyzed a subpopulation of PC-3 prostate cancer cells, TEM4-18, and found that these cells both invaded an endothelial barrier more efficiently and exhibited enhanced metastatic colonization in vivo. Transendothelial migration of these cells depended on expression of ZEB1, a known regulator of EMT. Surprisingly, these cells were much less invasive than parental PC-3 cells in assays that involve matrix barriers. Here, we report that TEM4-18 cells express significantly reduced levels of two subunits of laminin-332 (β3 and γ2) and that exogenous laminin-332, or co-culture with laminin-332-expressing cells, rescues the in vitro invasion phenotype in these cells. Stable knockdown of ZEB1 in prostate cancer cells up-regulated LAMC2 and ITGB4 mRNA and protein and resulted in a concomitant increase in Transwell migration. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), we show that ZEB1 directly interacts with the promoters of LAMC2 and ITGB4. These results provide a novel molecular basis for reduced laminin-332 observed in clinical prostate cancer specimens and demonstrate a context-dependent role for EMT in invasive cellular behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33940-33948
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume285
Issue number44
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2010
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright:
Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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