Z boson production in Pb+Pb collisions at √Snn = 5.02 TeV measured by the ATLAS experiment

The ATLAS collaboration

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Abstract

The production yield of Z bosons is measured in the electron and muon decay channels in Pb+Pb collisions at √Snn = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS detector. Data from the 2015 LHC run corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.49 nb-1 are used for the analysis. The Z boson yield, normalised by the total number of minimum-bias events and the mean nuclear thickness function, is measured as a function of dilepton rapidity and event centrality. The measurements in Pb+Pb collisions are compared with similar measurements made in proton-proton collisions at the same centre-of-mass energy. The nuclear modification factor is found to be consistent with unity for all centrality intervals. The results are compared with theoretical predictions obtained at next-to-leading order using nucleon and nuclear parton distribution functions. The normalised Z boson yields in Pb+Pb collisions lie 1-3σ above the predictions. The nuclear modification factor measured as a function of rapidity agrees with unity and is consistent with a next-to-leading-order QCD calculation including the isospin effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number135262
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume802
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank CERN for the very successful operation of the LHC, as well as the support staff from our institutions without whom ATLAS could not be operated efficiently. We acknowledge the support of ANPCyT, Argentina; YerPhI, Armenia; ARC, Australia; BMWFW and FWF, Austria; ANAS, Azerbaijan; SSTC, Belarus; CNPq and FAPESP, Brazil; NSERC, NRC and CFI, Canada; CERN; CONICYT, Chile; CAS, MOST and NSFC, China; COLCIENCIAS, Colombia; MSMT CR, MPO CR and VSC CR, Czech Republic; DNRF and DNSRC, Denmark; IN2P3-CNRS, CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; BMBF, HGF, and MPG, Germany; GSRT, Greece; RGC, Hong Kong SAR, China; ISF and Benoziyo Center, Israel; INFN, Italy; MEXT and JSPS, Japan; CNRST, Morocco; NWO, Netherlands; RCN, Norway; MNiSW and NCN, Poland; FCT, Portugal; MNE/IFA, Romania; MES of Russia and NRC KI, Russian Federation; JINR; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; ARRS and MIZ?, Slovenia; DST/NRF, South Africa; MINECO, Spain; SRC and Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, SNSF and Cantons of Bern and Geneva, Switzerland; MOST, Taiwan; TAEK, Turkey; STFC, United Kingdom; DOE and NSF, United States of America. In addition, individual groups and members have received support from BCKDF, CANARIE, CRC and Compute Canada, Canada; COST, ERC, ERDF, Horizon 2020, and Marie Sk?odowska-Curie Actions, European Union; Investissements d' Avenir Labex and Idex, ANR, France; DFG and AvH Foundation, Germany; Herakleitos, Thales and Aristeia programmes co-financed by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF and GIF, Israel; CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; The Royal Society and Leverhulme Trust, United Kingdom. The crucial computing support from all WLCG partners is acknowledged gratefully, in particular from CERN, the ATLAS Tier-1 facilities at TRIUMF (Canada), NDGF (Denmark, Norway, Sweden), CC-IN2P3 (France), KIT/GridKA (Germany), INFN-CNAF (Italy), NL-T1 (Netherlands), PIC (Spain), ASGC (Taiwan), RAL (UK) and BNL (USA), the Tier-2 facilities worldwide and large non-WLCG resource providers. Major contributors of computing resources are listed in Ref. [65].

Funding Information:
We acknowledge the support of ANPCyT , Argentina; YerPhI , Armenia; ARC , Australia; BMWFW and FWF , Austria; ANAS , Azerbaijan; SSTC , Belarus; CNPq and FAPESP , Brazil; NSERC , NRC and CFI , Canada; CERN ; CONICYT , Chile; CAS , MOST and NSFC , China; COLCIENCIAS , Colombia; MSMT CR , MPO CR and VSC CR , Czech Republic; DNRF and DNSRC , Denmark; IN2P3-CNRS , CEA-DRF/IRFU , France; SRNSFG , Georgia; BMBF , HGF , and MPG , Germany; GSRT , Greece; RGC , Hong Kong SAR , China; ISF and Benoziyo Center , Israel; INFN , Italy; MEXT and JSPS , Japan; CNRST , Morocco; NWO , Netherlands; RCN , Norway; MNiSW and NCN , Poland; FCT , Portugal; MNE/IFA , Romania; MES of Russia and NRC KI , Russian Federation; JINR ; MESTD , Serbia; MSSR , Slovakia; ARRS and MIZŠ , Slovenia; DST/NRF , South Africa; MINECO , Spain; SRC and Wallenberg Foundation , Sweden; SERI , SNSF and Cantons of Bern and Geneva , Switzerland; MOST , Taiwan; TAEK , Turkey; STFC , United Kingdom; DOE and NSF , United States of America. In addition, individual groups and members have received support from BCKDF , CANARIE , CRC and Compute Canada , Canada; COST , ERC , ERDF , Horizon 2020 , and Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions , European Union; Investissements d' Avenir Labex and Idex , ANR , France; DFG and AvH Foundation , Germany; Herakleitos, Thales and Aristeia programmes co-financed by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF , Greece; BSF-NSF and GIF , Israel; CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya , Spain; The Royal Society and Leverhulme Trust , United Kingdom.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license.

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