Young people and violence

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Violence is one of the leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality around the world. Young people are disproportionately represented among both the perpetrators and victims of violence. There are multiple factors within the contexts in which young people live, their families, schools, peer groups, neighborhoods, and sociopolitical environments, that predispose to and buffer against violence. Likewise, there are multiple preventive strategies that effectively address these factors and reduce violence involvement and injury. Youth violence can be prevented by applying science-based public health approaches to defining the problem, determining root causes, correlates, and modifiable risk and resilience factors, and designing, implementing, evaluating, disseminating, and sustaining effective interventions. © 2008

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Public Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages675-684
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780123739605
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Several individual-level interventions are demonstrably ineffective. Didactic programs that focus on dissemination of information in a lecture format are ineffective. A well-known example of this is Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE). DARE is the most widely implemented youth drug prevention program in the United States. The curriculum is taught by police officers over 17 weekly lessons, primarily to 5th and 6th graders. Numerous well-designed evaluations and meta-analyses have consistently shown little or no deterrent effects of the program on substance use or delinquent behavior. Nonetheless, DARE receives substantial support from parents, teachers, police, and government funding agencies. Changes are being made in an attempt to improve the program's effectiveness, such as adding social skills training sessions to the core curriculum.

Keywords

  • Bullying
  • Firearms
  • Homicide
  • Injury
  • Intervention
  • Physical fighting
  • Prevention
  • Protective factors
  • Risk factors
  • Violence
  • Youth

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