XPS Characterization of Erbium Sesquioxide and Erbium Hydroxide

G. T.K. Swami, F. E. Stageberg, Allen M Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


The low temperature antiferromagnetic transition of Er203 is being investigated by studying the tunneling characteristics of superconducting junctions fabricated with artificial barriers of the oxide. To develop techniques for the semiquantitative determination of the relative concentrations of Er203 and Er(OH)3 in tunneling barriers, XPS studies have been carried out on standard samples of Er, Er203, and Er(OH)3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-770
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1984


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