Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa identified on common weedy grasses in naturally infected wheat fields in Minnesota

Kristi E. Ledman, Rebecca D. Curland, Carol A. Ishimaru, Ruth Dill-Macky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bacterial leaf streak (BLS) of wheat, caused by Xanthomonas translucens pv. undulosa, has been a notable disease in Minnesota wheat fields over the past decade. Potential sources of the pathogen include infested seed and crop debris. Perennial weeds are also considered a possible inoculum source, but no surveys have been conducted to evaluate which X. translucens pathovars are present on weedy grasses that are common in Minnesota wheat fields. Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of four housekeeping genes (rpoD, dnaK, fyuA, and gyrB) was used to identify 77 strains isolated from six weedy grass species, wheat, and barley in and around naturally infected wheat fields in Minnesota. The MLSA phylogeny identified all strains originating from weedy grass species, except smooth brome, as X. translucens pv. undulosa, whereas strains isolated from smooth brome were determined to be X. translucens pv. cerealis. In planta character states corroborated these identifications on a subset of 41 strains, as all strains from weedy grasses caused water-soaking on wheat and barley in greenhouse assays. Multilocus sequence typing was used to evaluate genetic diversity and revealed that sequence types of X. translucens pv. undulosa originating from weedy grass hosts are similar to those found on wheat. This study identifies both annual and perennial poaceous weeds common in Minnesota that harbor X. translucens pv. undulosa and expands our understanding of the diversity of the pathogen population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1114-1121
Number of pages8
JournalPhytopathology
Volume111
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This study was financially supported by the Minnesota Wheat Research and Promotion Council.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The American Phytopathological Society

Keywords

  • Bacterial pathogens
  • Epidemiology
  • Molecular

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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