X-Ray absorption spectroscopic and theoretical studies on (L) 2[Cu2(S2)n]2+ complexes: Disulfide versus disulfide(•1-) bonding

Ritimukta Sarangi, John T. York, Matthew E. Helton, Kiyoshi Fujisawa, Kenneth D. Karlin, William B. Tolman, Keith O. Hodgson, Britt Hedman, Edward I. Solomon

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Cu K-, Cu L-, and S K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopic (XAS) data have been combined with density functional theory (DFT) calculations on [{(TMPA)Cu}2S2](CIO4)2 (1), [{Cu[HB(3,5-Pri2pz)3]}2-(S 2)] (2), and [{(TMEDA)Cu}2(S2) 2](OTf)2 (3) to obtain a quantitative description of their ground state wavefunctions. The Cu L-edge intensities give 63 and 37% Cu d-character in the ground state of 1 and 2, respectively, whereas the S K-pre-edge intensities reflect 20 and 48% S character in their ground states, respetively. These data indicate a more than 2-fold increase in the total disulfide bonding character in 2 relative to 1. The increase in the number of Cu-S bonds in 2 (μ-η22η2 S22- bridge) compared to 1 ((μ-η1: η1 S22- bridge) dominantly determines the large increase in covalency and Cu-disulfide bond strength in 2. Cu K- and L- and S K-pre-edge energy positions directly demonstrate the Cu II/(S2-)2 nature of 3. The two disulfide(•1-)'s in 3 undergo strong bonding interactions that destabilize the resultant filled antibonding π* orbitale of the (S2 -)2 fragment relative to the Cu 3d levels. This leads to an inverted bonding scheme in 3 with dominantly ligand-based holes in its ground state, consistent with its description as a dicopper(ll)-bis-disulfide(•1- ) complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-686
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 16 2008

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