X-chromosome inactivation during spermatogenesis is regulated by an Xist/Tsix-independent mechanism in the mouse

John R. McCarrey, Cathy Watson, Julia Atencio, Charles C. Ostermeier, York Marahrens, Rudolf Jaenisch, Stephen A. Krawetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transcriptional Inactivation of the single X chromosome occurs in spermatogenic cells during male meiosis in mammals and has been shown to be coincident with expression of the Xist gene in spermatogenesis and spermatocytes in mice. However, male mice carrying an ablated Xist gene show normal fertility. Here we examined expression from the Xist locus during spermatogenesis in wild-type mice and detected sense (Xist) but not antisense (Tsix) transcripts. In addition, we examined expression and chromatin conformation of X-linked structural genes in meiotic and postmeiotic spermatogenic cells from wild-type and Xist- mice and found no differences associated with the absence of a functional Xist gene. These results, along with the formation of a morphologically normal XY body in primary spermatocytes in Xist- mice, Indicate that a functional Xist gene is not required for X-chromosome inactivation during spermatogenesis and that this process is therefore regulated by a different mechanism than that which regulates X-chromosome inactivation in female embryonic cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-266
Number of pages10
JournalGenesis
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

Keywords

  • Gene regulation
  • Meiosis
  • Testis
  • X inactivation

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