Workplace productivity, employment issues, and resource utilization in patients with bipolar i disorder

Barbara J. McMorris, Kristen E. Downs, Jessica M. Panish, Riad Dirani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Objective: To collect workplace productivity and healthcare utilization data from subjects with bipolar I disorder and compare the results with those from normative subjects. Methods: A cross sectional survey was administered to patients and recruiting physicians. Data collected included employment status, Endicott Workplace Productivity Scale (EWPS) results, healthcare resource utilization, and quality-of-life. Results: In comparison with normative subjects, bipolar I subjects reported lower levels of work productivity (measured by the EWPS). Bipolar I subjects also reported more frequent outpatient visits and more prescribed pharmaceuticals. Bipolar I subjects were more likely to miss work, have worked reduced hours due to medical or mental health issues, receive disability payments, been involved in a crime, be uninsured or covered by Medicare, or have been fired or laid off. The study groups were age- and gender-matched to reduce the impact of selection bias associated with a non-randomized study design. Other potential limitations affecting the results of the study include recall bias and possibly an impact of different data collection methods (e.g. Internet versus telephone). Conclusions: Bipolar I disorder is associated with a negative effect on work productivity and resource utilization and is an appropriate disease management target for employers and healthcare decision makers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Medical Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Declaration of interest: This study was funded by Ortho-


  • Bipolar disorder
  • Employment
  • Productivity
  • Resource utilization


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