Workplace Envy

Michelle K. Duffy, Kiyoung Lee, Elizabeth A. Adair

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


In the past 20 years, there has been a growing interest in the phenomenon of workplace envy. This article provides an overarching review and analysis of the workplace envy literature. We first consider conceptual and measurement challenges facing envy researchers. We then review the current knowledge base in the research with a focus on synthesizing what we have learned regarding workplace envy's transmutations, highlighting directions for future research. We explore two relatively understudied areas in the envy literature: antecedents of envy and the experience of being envied. We discuss methodologies used in the literature to study envy and outcomes and conclude with a focus on cross-cultural and practical implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-44
Number of pages26
JournalAnnual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior
StatePublished - Jan 21 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank Herman Aguinis, Sue Ashford, and Frederick Morgeson for constructive guidance. This work was supported in part by the Yonsei University’s 2019 Research Fellowship Fund of the Sangnam Institute of Management and the 2018-2 Future-Leading Research Initiative.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Annual Reviews Inc.. All rights reserved.


  • being envied
  • emotion
  • envy
  • performance
  • social comparison


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