Workaholism, Motivation, and Addiction in the Workplace: A Critical Review and Implications for HRD

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Abstract

Despite the wide use of the term workaholism, universally defined as an addiction to work, there is little consensus on this concept and how people become workaholics. This article critically reviews the workaholism literature to reframe the concept of workaholism and to provide implications for human resource development (HRD). Through a literature review, four perspectives were found based on assumptions about behavioral motivation. The motivation and addiction processes in workaholism are discussed, focusing on the theories and characteristics of the workplace. The gaps and omissions are identified in the reviewed research, and a workaholism framework is suggested that emphasizes contextual and behavioral inclusiveness. This review contributes to literature on workaholism by illuminating current divergent opinions on workaholism and guiding future research. The recommendations can also enhance the practical development of individuals and organizations that currently or potentially face excessive work issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-348
Number of pages24
JournalHuman Resource Development Review
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

Keywords

  • excessive working
  • motivation
  • work addiction
  • work habit
  • workaholism

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