Work, family and life-course fit: Does control over work time matter?

Phyllis Moen, Erin Kelly, Qinlei Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


This study moves from "work-family" to a multi-dimensional "life-course fit" construct (employees' cognitive assessments of resources, resource deficits, and resource demands), using a combined work-family, demands-control and ecology of the life course framing. It examined (1) impacts of job and home ecological systems on fit dimensions, and (2) whether control over work time predicted and mediated life-course fit outcomes. Using cluster analysis of survey data on a sample of 917 white-collar employees from Best Buy headquarters, we identified four job ecologies (corresponding to the job demands-job control model) and five home ecologies (theorizing an analogous home demands-home control model). Job and home ecologies predicted fit dimensions in an additive, not interactive, fashion. Employees' work-time control predicted every life-course fit dimension and partially mediated effects of job ecologies, organizational tenure, and job category.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-425
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008


  • Control over work time
  • Demand-control
  • Job and home ecologies
  • Job and home systems
  • Job strain
  • Life-course fit
  • Role train/enhancement
  • Work time control
  • Work-family

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