Work and well-being in TGNC adults: The moderating effect of workplace protections

Elliot A. Tebbe, Blake A. Allan, Haley L. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The present study used a psychology of working theory (PWT) framework to test the direct and indirect relations of perceived social status and transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) marginalization (i.e., victimization, nonaffirmation of gender identity, negative expectations for the future) with work volition, overqualification, and vocational and emotional well-being outcomes (i.e., job satisfaction, meaningful work, satisfaction with life, depression) in a sample of 175 TGNC working adults. This study also tested the moderating effect of one form of structural marginalization (lack of legal protections from employment discrimination) on the overall pattern of results. Participants were recruited using online social media and discussion forums and completed the study survey online. For the full sample, perceived social status and nonaffirmation of gender identity were associated with vocational and emotional well-being outcomes through the mediating role of work volition, and for some paths, overqualification. Significant differences emerged in the overall pattern of results for those without protections, suggesting that protections from discrimination buffer the adverse links of some forms of TGNC marginalization with work volition and vocational outcomes. Implications of study findings for research, counseling, and advocacy are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Psychological Association.


  • Legal protections
  • Marginalization
  • Transgender
  • Vocational
  • Work volition
  • Bullying/prevention & control
  • Transsexualism
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Transgender Persons/psychology
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Young Adult
  • Gender Identity
  • Adolescent
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Psychological Theory
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Aged
  • Workplace/psychology

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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