Women's Preferences for Male Behavioral Displays Change Across the Menstrual Cycle

Steven W. Gangestad, Jeffry A. Simpson, Alita J. Cousins, Christine E. Garver-Apgar, P. Niels Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

233 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Women prefer both the scent of symmetrical men and masculine male faces more during the fertile (late follicular and ovulatory) phases of their menstrual cycles than during their infertile (e.g., luteal) phases. Men's behavioral displays in social settings may convey signals that affect women's attraction to men even more strongly. This study examined shifts in women's preferences for these behavioral displays. A sample of 237 normally ovulating women viewed 36 or 40 videotaped men who were competing for a potential lunch date and then rated each man's attractiveness as a short-term and a long-term mate. As predicted, women's preference for men who displayed social presence and direct intrasexual competitiveness increased on high-fertility days relative to low-fertility days, but only in a short-term, not a long-term, mating context. These findings add to the growing literature indicating that women's mate preferences systematically vary across the reproductive cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalPsychological Science
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Fingerprint

Menstrual Cycle
Fertility
Lunch
Follicular Phase
Luteal Phase

Cite this

Women's Preferences for Male Behavioral Displays Change Across the Menstrual Cycle. / Gangestad, Steven W.; Simpson, Jeffry A.; Cousins, Alita J.; Garver-Apgar, Christine E.; Niels Christensen, P.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 15, No. 3, 01.01.2004, p. 203-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gangestad, Steven W. ; Simpson, Jeffry A. ; Cousins, Alita J. ; Garver-Apgar, Christine E. ; Niels Christensen, P. / Women's Preferences for Male Behavioral Displays Change Across the Menstrual Cycle. In: Psychological Science. 2004 ; Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 203-207.
@article{0054f8edfeaa40dd9d6b898790df82aa,
title = "Women's Preferences for Male Behavioral Displays Change Across the Menstrual Cycle",
abstract = "Women prefer both the scent of symmetrical men and masculine male faces more during the fertile (late follicular and ovulatory) phases of their menstrual cycles than during their infertile (e.g., luteal) phases. Men's behavioral displays in social settings may convey signals that affect women's attraction to men even more strongly. This study examined shifts in women's preferences for these behavioral displays. A sample of 237 normally ovulating women viewed 36 or 40 videotaped men who were competing for a potential lunch date and then rated each man's attractiveness as a short-term and a long-term mate. As predicted, women's preference for men who displayed social presence and direct intrasexual competitiveness increased on high-fertility days relative to low-fertility days, but only in a short-term, not a long-term, mating context. These findings add to the growing literature indicating that women's mate preferences systematically vary across the reproductive cycle.",
author = "Gangestad, {Steven W.} and Simpson, {Jeffry A.} and Cousins, {Alita J.} and Garver-Apgar, {Christine E.} and {Niels Christensen}, P.",
year = "2004",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.01503010.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "203--207",
journal = "Psychological Science",
issn = "0956-7976",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Women's Preferences for Male Behavioral Displays Change Across the Menstrual Cycle

AU - Gangestad, Steven W.

AU - Simpson, Jeffry A.

AU - Cousins, Alita J.

AU - Garver-Apgar, Christine E.

AU - Niels Christensen, P.

PY - 2004/1/1

Y1 - 2004/1/1

N2 - Women prefer both the scent of symmetrical men and masculine male faces more during the fertile (late follicular and ovulatory) phases of their menstrual cycles than during their infertile (e.g., luteal) phases. Men's behavioral displays in social settings may convey signals that affect women's attraction to men even more strongly. This study examined shifts in women's preferences for these behavioral displays. A sample of 237 normally ovulating women viewed 36 or 40 videotaped men who were competing for a potential lunch date and then rated each man's attractiveness as a short-term and a long-term mate. As predicted, women's preference for men who displayed social presence and direct intrasexual competitiveness increased on high-fertility days relative to low-fertility days, but only in a short-term, not a long-term, mating context. These findings add to the growing literature indicating that women's mate preferences systematically vary across the reproductive cycle.

AB - Women prefer both the scent of symmetrical men and masculine male faces more during the fertile (late follicular and ovulatory) phases of their menstrual cycles than during their infertile (e.g., luteal) phases. Men's behavioral displays in social settings may convey signals that affect women's attraction to men even more strongly. This study examined shifts in women's preferences for these behavioral displays. A sample of 237 normally ovulating women viewed 36 or 40 videotaped men who were competing for a potential lunch date and then rated each man's attractiveness as a short-term and a long-term mate. As predicted, women's preference for men who displayed social presence and direct intrasexual competitiveness increased on high-fertility days relative to low-fertility days, but only in a short-term, not a long-term, mating context. These findings add to the growing literature indicating that women's mate preferences systematically vary across the reproductive cycle.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1642408617&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1642408617&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.01503010.x

DO - 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.01503010.x

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 203

EP - 207

JO - Psychological Science

JF - Psychological Science

SN - 0956-7976

IS - 3

ER -