Studies of the influence of social support on successful smoking cessation have been based on the smoker's perceptions only. In this pilot study of 58 couples, pregnant women who had smoked in the 30 days before pregnancy and their partners reported the positive and negative support for cessation they had received (women) or provided (partners). Mean levels of the women's and partners' perceptions of support were compared, and correlations of the two reports were analyzed while controlling for the effect of the couple's smoking status. Women's and partners 'reports were similar except partners reported wanting the women to stop smoking more than women perceived. Women's and partners' perceived negative support were moderately correlated (r ≅. 48, p ≅. 001). Partner-reported positive support also was associated with women's perceived negative support (r ≅. 30, p ≅. 03). These relationships remained significant after controlling for partners' and women's smoking status. Generally, partners reported giving more positive and less negative support than women perceived. Results suggest the need for further examination of couples' perceptions of support and the impact on smoking cessation during pregnancy.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by National Cancer Institute Grants R01–CA76945, R01–CA74000, P01–CA72099, and R01–CA80262.