Women, motivation, and achievement

Janet Shibley Hyde, Kristen C. Kling

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Women's educational and occupational achievements are crucial to the economic productivity and prosperity of the nation, as well as to the mental health of women and their families. In this article we review psychological research on motivation and on educational achievement, focusing on gender and the contributions that have been made by feminist researchers. Feminist psychologists noted the sex bias and methodological flaws in traditional research on achievement motivation and proposed vastly improved models, such as Eccles's expectancy x value model of achievement behavior. Contrary to stereotypes, gender similarities are typically found in areas such as mathematics performance. Policymakers should be concerned about gender bias in the SAT and about the Female Underprediction Effect. Additional threats to girls' and women's achievements include stereotype threat and peer sexual harassment in the schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-378
Number of pages15
JournalPsychology of Women Quarterly
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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Motivation
Sexism
Educational Status
stereotype
gender
Sexual Harassment
threat
Psychology
achievement motivation
Mathematics
sexual harassment
trend
prosperity
Research
psychologist
Mental Health
productivity
mental health
Economics
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Cite this

Women, motivation, and achievement. / Hyde, Janet Shibley; Kling, Kristen C.

In: Psychology of Women Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.01.2001, p. 364-378.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Hyde, Janet Shibley ; Kling, Kristen C. / Women, motivation, and achievement. In: Psychology of Women Quarterly. 2001 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 364-378.
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