Within-occupation and industry sex, race, and educational differences in exposures to workplace hazards

Research output: Working paper


Background Potentially harmful workplace conditions have been linked to occupationally-related illness and injury, costing billions of dollars in health care and lost wages. This study compares workers in the same jobs to see whether demographic differences in exposures persist. Methods Data were from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models controlling for job assessed differences in three exposures: 1) skin contact with chemicals, 2) vapors, gas, dust, and fumes, and 3) second-hand smoke among non-smokers. Results Comparing workers in the same jobs, women and college graduates experienced a lower risk of exposure. White workers experienced the highest risks of exposure, except for the heightened risk of second-hand smoke exposure faced by black non-smokers. Conclusion Disparities in exposure to chemicals, vapors, and second-hand smoke persist by sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment, even within the same jobs. Workplace policies should ensure safety equally for all employees.
Original languageEnglish (US)
PublisherMinnesota Population Center
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameMinnesota Population Center Working Paper Series


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