Wireless monitoring algorithm for wind turbine blades using Piezo-electric energy harvesters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wind turbine blade failure can be catastrophic and lead to unexpected power interruptions. In this paper, a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) algorithm is presented for wireless monitoring of wind turbine blades. The SHM algorithm utilizes accumulated strain energy data, such as would be acquired by piezoelectric materials. The SHM algorithm compares the accumulated strain energy at the same position on the three blades. This exploits the inherent triple redundancy of the blades and avoids the need for a structural model of the blade. The performance of the algorithm is evaluated using probabilistic metrics such as detection probability (True Positive) and false alarm rate (False Positive). The decision time is chosen to be sufficiently long that a particular damage level can be detected even in the presence of system sensor noise and wind variations. Finally, the proposed algorithm is evaluated with a case study of a utility-scale turbine. The noise level is based on measurements acquired from strain sensors mounted on the blades of a Clipper Liberty C96 turbine. Strain energy changes associated with damage from matrix cracking and delamination are simulated with a finite element model. The case study demonstrates that the proposed algorithm can detect damage with a high probability based on a decision time period of approximately 50–200 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-565
Number of pages15
JournalWind Energy
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • composite material failure
  • model-free algorithm
  • piezoelectric wireless sensor
  • probabilistic analysis
  • structural health monitoring
  • thresholding
  • wind turbine blade

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