We consider a heteroscedastic regression model in which some of the regression coefficients are zero but it is not known which ones. Penalized quantile regression is a useful approach for analysing such data. By allowing different covariates to be relevant for modelling conditional quantile functions at different quantile levels, it provides a more complete picture of the conditional distribution of a response variable than mean regression. Existing work on penalized quantile regression has been mostly focused on point estimation. Although bootstrap procedures have recently been shown to be effective for inference for penalized mean regression, they are not directly applicable to penalized quantile regression with heteroscedastic errors.We prove that a wild residual bootstrap procedure for unpenalized quantile regression is asymptotically valid for approximating the distribution of a penalized quantile regression estimator with an adaptive L1 penalty and that a modified version can be used to approximate the distribution of a L1-penalized quantile regression estimator. The new methods do not require estimation of the unknown error density function.We establish consistency, demonstrate finite-sample performance, and illustrate the applications on a real data example.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Wang and Maidman acknowledge financial support from the U.S. National Science Foundation. Van Keilegom was supported by the European Research Council and the Interuniversity Attraction
- Adaptive lasso
- Confidence interval
- Penalized quantile regression
- Wild bootstrap.