Why do they leave? Child care subsidy use in Oregon

Deana Grobe, Roberta B. Weber, Elizabeth E. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


This study fills an important gap about child care subsidy participation by exploring why parents leave the subsidy program in Oregon. Descriptive analyses using administrative data showed unexpectedly high levels of employment stability and low levels of family mobility. Many families appeared to remain eligible after exit based on earnings and participation in other means-tested assistance programs. Estimates from a Cox regression model showed that subsidy policies were associated with exits. Being in the last month of an eligibility period increased the likelihood of exiting the subsidy program by two to three times. This result suggests that lengthening eligibility period could increase the stability of subsidy usage and possibly subsidized child care arrangements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-127
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Family and Economic Issues
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This Report was supported by the federal Child Care Bureau of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families under Grant Number 90YE0040. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the federal Child Care Bureau.


  • Child care subsidy
  • Cox regression model
  • Eligibility periods
  • Employment stability


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