BACKGROUND: Clinicians caring for patients seeking alcohol detoxification face many challenges, including lack of evidence-based guidelines for treatment and high recidivism rates. OBJECTIVES: To develop a standardized protocol for determining which alcohol dependent patients seeking detoxification need inpatient versus outpatient treatment, and to study the protocol's implementation. DESIGN: Review of best evidence by ad hoc task force and subsequent creation of standardized protocol. Prospective observational evaluation of initial protocol implementation. PARTICIPANTS: Patients presenting for alcohol detoxification. INTERVENTION: Development and implementation of a protocol for evaluation and treatment of patients requesting alcohol detoxification. MAIN MEASURES: Number of admissions per month with primary alcohol related diagnosis (DRG), 30-day readmission rate, and length of stay, all measured before and after protocol implementation. RESULTS: We identified one randomized clinical trial and three cohort studies to inform the choice of inpatient versus outpatient detoxification, along with one prior protocol in this population, and combined that data with clinical experience to create an institutional protocol. After implementation, the average number of alcohol related admissions was 15.9 per month, compared with 18.9 per month before implementation (p=0.037). There was no difference in readmission rate or length of stay. CONCLUSIONS: Creation and utilization of a protocol led to standardization of care for patients requesting detoxification from alcohol. Initial evaluation of protocol implementation showed a decrease in number of admissions.
Copyright 2014 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- alcohol detoxification
- alcohol withdrawal
- hospital medicine
- quality improvement