Who Are the Gatekeepers? Predictors of Maternal Gatekeeping

Sarah J. Schoppe-Sullivan, Lauren E. Altenburger, Meghan A. Lee, Daniel J. Bower, Claire M. Kamp Dush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

SYNOPSIS: Objective. The goal of this study was to identify determinants of maternal gatekeeping at the transition to parenthood. Design. Participants included 182 different-gender dual-earner couples. During pregnancy, expectant parents completed questionnaires regarding their psychological functioning, attitudes, and expectations, and at 3 months postpartum questionnaires regarding maternal gatekeeping behavior and gate-closing attitudes. Results. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that mothers were more likely to close the gate to fathers when mothers held greater perfectionistic expectations for fathers’ parenting, had poorer psychological functioning, perceived their romantic relationship as less stable, and had higher levels of parenting self-efficacy. In contrast, fathers with lower parenting self-efficacy appeared to elicit greater maternal gate-closing behavior. Mothers who engaged in greater gate-opening behavior were more religious. Conclusions. Maternal gatekeeping may be more strongly associated with maternal expectations and psychological functioning than with maternal traditional gender attitudes. Fathers’ characteristics are less predictive of maternal gatekeeping than mothers’ characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-186
Number of pages21
JournalParenting
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The New Parents Project was funded by the National Science Foundation (CAREER 0746548, Schoppe-Sullivan), with additional support from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD; 1K01HD056238, Kamp Dush) and Ohio State University’s Institute for Population Research (NICHD R24HD058484) and program in Human Development and Family Science.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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