When body mass index fails to measure up: perinephric and periumbilical fat as predictors of operative risk

Luke Martin, Gillian Seton, Booth Aldred, Paul Hopkins, Jessica Chan, Marta E. Heilbrun, Mary Mone, Courtney Scaife, William Peche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Obesity has been associated with worse outcomes and increased surgical technical difficulty. Perinephric fat (PNF) and periumbilical fat (PUF) are alternative metrics to body mass index. We hypothesized that PUF and PNF would offer improved prediction of perioperative risk. Methods 249 patients were retrospectively reviewed after elective, pelvic colorectal resections. PNF and PUF were collected using axial imaging. Operative risk measurements included estimated blood loss (EBL) and operative time (OT). Results In multivariate analyses of women, PUF and PNF were significant predictors of EBL; PNF was a significant predictor of OT. A 4.7-mm increase in PNF predicted a 15-minute increase in OT and 55-cc increase in EBL. An 8.6-mm increase in PUF predicted a 55-cc increase in EBL. In men, no metric was predictive. Conclusions In women, PNF and PUF may offer improved metrics for risk stratification, which can have important clinical and financial implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1039-1046
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume212
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Colorectal surgery
  • Obesity
  • Perinephric fat
  • Perioperative risk assessment
  • Periumbilical fat

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