When Accuracy Hurts, and When It Helps: A Test of the Empathic Accuracy Model in Marital Interactions

Jeffry A. Simpson, M. Minda Oriña, William Ickes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

142 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study tested predictions from W. Ickes and J. A. Simpson's (1997, 2001) empathic accuracy model. Married couples were videotaped as they tried to resolve a problem in their marriage. Both spouses then viewed a videotape of the interaction, recorded the thoughts and feelings they had at specific time points, and tried to infer their partner's thoughts and feelings. Consistent with the model, when the partner's thoughts and feelings were relationship-threatening (as rated by both the partners and by trained observers), greater empathic accuracy on the part of the perceiver was associated with pre-to-posttest declines in the perceiver's feelings of subjective closeness. The reverse was true when the partner's thoughts and feelings were nonthreatening. Exploratory analyses revealed that these effects were partially mediated through observer ratings of the degree to which partners tried to avoid the discussion issue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)881-893
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

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