What types of nursing facilities are more likely to adopt a pharmacist's medication review recommendations?

Daniel L. Friesner, David M. Scott, Mark W. Dewey, Todd A. Johnson, Matthew L. Kessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Few studies in the literature have analyzed the determinants of pharmacist drug therapy recommendations in nursing facility settings, and those that have focus primarily on accepted/rejected recommendations by disease state. OBJECTIVE: To identify the set of nursing facility characteristics that are more likely to adopt a pharmacist's medication review recommendations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, retrospective methods are used to examine 53 licensed nursing facilities receiving medication review services from a small independent consultant pharmacist practice with no ties to vendor pharmacy functions. SETTING: Nursing facilities in rural areas of central and western Minnesota in 2008. INTERVENTION: Medication review services. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The number of recommendations made and accepted, which are aggregated to the level of the nursing facility. Poisson regression analysis is used to identify those nursing facility characteristics that predict total recommendations and total accepted recommendations. Data obtained from Medicare's Web site on each nursing facility's operating characteristics and quality indicators serve as covariates. RESULTS: At the 5% level, patient census (positively), greater certified nursing assistant staffing hours (positively), multisite facilities (positively), resident residency councils (negatively), and greater perceptions of registered nurse quality (negatively) predict a greater number of recommendations. Patient census (positively), greater licensed practical nurse staffing (negatively), having residency councils (negatively), and greater perceptions of registered nurse quality (negatively) significantly predict the number of accepted and implemented recommendations. CONCLUSION: Institutional specific factors, most notably, quality-of-care indicators, may affect a nursing facility's acceptance of a pharmacist's drug therapy review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-501
Number of pages12
JournalConsultant Pharmacist
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
  • Medication regimen review
  • Nursing facility
  • Pharmacist
  • Pharmacy
  • Recommendations
  • Rural health

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