What is the predictive value of animal models for vaccine efficacy in humans? Reevaluating the potential of mouse models for the human immune system

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Abstract

Much of what we understand about immunology, including the response to vaccines, come from studies in mice because they provide many practical advantages compared with research in higher mammals and humans. Nevertheless, modalities for preventing or treating disease do not always translate from mouse to humans, which has led to increasing scrutiny of the continued merits of mouse research. Here, we summarize the pros and cons of current laboratory mouse models for immunology research and discuss whether overreliance on nonphysiological, ultra-hygienic animal husbandry approaches has limited the ultimate translation potential of mouse-derived data to humans. Alternative approaches are discussed that may extend the use of the mouse model for preclinical studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbera029132
JournalCold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

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