BACKGROUND: Radiographic prediction of peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI) can improve patient selection for cytoreductive surgery. We aimed to determine the correlation of computed tomography (CT)-predicted PCI (CT-PCI) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-predicted PCI (MRI-PCI) with intraoperative-PCI, and if a preoperative-PCI cutoff is associated with incomplete cytoreduction.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients from the US HIPEC Collaborative (2000-2017) with appendiceal, colorectal, or peritoneal mesothelioma (PM) histology who underwent cytoreductive surgery were included. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to determine correlation between preoperative and intraoperative-PCI values. Fisher r-to-z transformation was used to compare correlations.
RESULTS: A total of 488 patients were included. Of these, 34% had noninvasive appendiceal, 30% invasive appendiceal, 28% colorectal, and 8% PM histology. CT-PCI was correlated with intraoperative-PCI for patients with noninvasive and invasive appendiceal and colorectal histologies (r = 0.689, 0.554, and 0.571; all P < .001), but not PM (r = 0.188; P = .295). MRI-PCI was correlated with intraoperative-PCI for all histologies (non-invasive appendiceal: r = 0.591; P = .002; invasive appendiceal: r = 0.848; P < .001; colorectal: r = 0.729; P < .001; PM: r = 0.890; P = .007). Comparing CT and MRI, correlations were similar in noninvasive appendiceal and colorectal histologies; MRI was better for invasive appendiceal and PM (P = .005 and P = .021, respectively). Twenty-eight (6%) patients underwent an incomplete cytoreduction (cytoreduction score, 2-3). PCI greater than 15 was associated with cytoreduction score of 2 to 3 for both CT and MRI (CT-PCI: odds ratio, 3.0; P = .033; MRI-PCI: odds ratio, 7.6; P = .071).
CONCLUSIONS: In this multi-institutional cohort, CT and MRI-PCI correlate well with intraoperative-PCI. MRI appears to be superior for invasive appendiceal and peritoneal mesothelioma. External validation in a larger population is needed.
- Invasive appendiceal carcinoma
- Noninvasive appendiceal carcinoma
- Peritoneal mesothelioma
- Radiographic PCI
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Comparative Study
- Evaluation Study
- Multicenter Study