What is the biological basis of sensorimotor integration?

Martha Flanders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


This Prospects presents the problems that must be solved by the vertebrate nervous system in the process of sensorimotor integration and motor control. The concepts of efference copy and inverse model are defined, and multiple biological mechanisms are described, including those that form the basis of integration, extrapolation, and comparison/cancellation operations. Open questions for future research include the biological basis of continuous and distributed versus modular control, and somatosensory-motor coordination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Cybernetics
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke R01 NS027484. The author thanks Professors John Soechting and Randy Nelson.


  • Efference copy
  • Forward model
  • Haptic
  • Motor control
  • Sensory feedback
  • Somatosensory


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