What Factors Change Education Inequality in Nepal?

Satis C. Devkota, Mukti P. Upadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We estimate indices of income-based inequality of education for Nepal using comprehensive survey data from 1996 and 2004. The 5% increase in the inequality that we obtain for those eight years is then decomposed into its contributing factors. Greater urbanization contributed substantially to the rise in education inequality. On the other hand, income significantly reduced education inequality because of a substantial increase in mean income during the eight years, and because of a fall in income inequality. This implies that an increase in the median income could reduce education disparity substantially.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-308
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Human Development and Capabilities
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015


  • Education Gini
  • Education concentration index
  • Income-based inequality
  • Instrumental variables
  • Nepal
  • Total differential decomposition


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