What Do Unions in China Do? Provincial-Level Evidence on Wages, Employment, Productivity, and Economic Output

John W. Budd, Wei Chi, Yijiang Wang, Qianyun Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Utilizing provincial-level data from the period of 1994-2008, this article studies the relationship between union density and wages, employment, productivity, and economic output in China. The findings indicate that union density does not affect average wage levels, but is positively associated with aggregate productivity and output. We discuss if and to what extent these findings are consistent with the familiar two faces of unions model and alternative explanations relevant in the context of Chinese labor and union institutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-204
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Labor Research
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Wei Chi thanks support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 71121001); and Beijing Higher Education Young Elite Teacher Project (grant no. YETP0139).

Keywords

  • China
  • Labor unions
  • Wages

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