Well-Being and Self-Assessment of Change: Secondary Analysis of an RCT That Demonstrated Benefit of Inhaled Lavender and Sleep Hygiene in College Students with Sleep Problems

Angela Smith Lillehei, Linda Halcón, Cynthia R. Gross, Kay Savik, Reilly Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context Sleep issues are prevalent and affect health and well-being. The aspects of well-being that are impacted by sleep interventions have not been well studied. Objectives To investigate the impact of lavender and sleep hygiene (LSH) compared to sleep hygiene (SH) alone on well-being as measured by the Self-assessment of Change questionnaire (SAC) at post-intervention and two-week follow-up, and secondarily to compare the SAC sleep item to results from standardized sleep surveys. Design Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) where one group received a lavender inhalation patch and practiced sleep hygiene (LSH) and the other group received a placebo inhalation patch and practiced sleep hygiene (SH) for five consecutive nights. Setting Usual sleep setting. Participants Seventy-nine college students with self-reported sleep issues. Main Outcome Measures The SAC was completed at post-intervention and follow-up. Results Exploratory analysis showed significantly improved well-being for the LSH group at post-intervention for well-being domains of sleep, energy, and vibrancy (P =.01,.03, and.05, respectively) and an overall trend of improved well-being in comparison to the SH group at post-intervention and follow-up. The SAC sleep item showed a similar pattern of change to the standardized sleep surveys with a statistically significant improvement in sleep for the LSH group at follow-up (P =.02). Conclusions Findings demonstrate the positive impact of the lavender intervention on three domains of self-assessed well-being are energy, vibrancy, and sleep. SAC results extend and complement prior findings of improved sleep quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-435
Number of pages9
JournalExplore: The Journal of Science and Healing
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Financial and material support was provided through the University of Minnesota School of Nursing (Wladimir and Paulina Zenkovich Nursing Fellowship and the Sophia Fund), Sigma Theta Tau, Zeta Chapter, Boynton Health Service, University of Minnesota, Wyndmere Naturals, Inc., and Bioesse Technologies, LLC. None of the funders had any role in the design or conduct of this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • SAC
  • aromatherapy
  • inhaled lavender
  • self-assessment of change
  • sleep quality
  • well-being

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