Wave field analysis in a harbor with irregular geometry through boundary integral of Helmholtz equation with corner contributions

Prashant Kumar, Huai Zhang, David A. Yuen, Kwang Ik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


A mathematical model has been designed to analyze the wave characteristics in a harbor, averting any possible situation of occasional extreme wave hazards due to the seasonal weather conditions. Helmholtz equation has been considered with appropriate boundary conditions on the basis of small amplitude hypothesis. Further, a solution of the Helmholtz equation is given by Green's identity formula and then it is utilized to predict the ocean surface wave fields due to refraction and diffraction of various directional incident waves in the context of the shallow water waves. The corner angle coefficient is firstly determined at each corner segment on the boundary of the harbor and then corner contribution on the boundary is imposed by multiplying the corner angle coefficient to the boundary wave field. Further, the Chebyshev point discretization is implemented on the boundary of harbor to improve the numerical accuracy at the sharp corners. This numerical model is validated through the quantitative comparison with existing studies in literature. Further the logarithmic convergence rate is achieved for the proposed numerical scheme as well. We have implemented this numerical model practically on the Pohang New Harbor (PNH), Pohang, South Korea to compute the resonance modes for various directional incident waves. Furthermore, the wave elevation is obtained in the whole interior domain of the harbor at various modes of resonance with specific incident waves. In conclusion, this numerical scheme is a competent tool to foster the prediction of the ocean surface wave field on the boundary and interior of the harbors with complex geometries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-297
Number of pages11
JournalComputers and Fluids
StatePublished - Dec 15 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research work is partially supported by Department of Mathematics, POSTECH and BK-21 (Brain Korea-21), South Korea and by National Basic Research Program of China under Grant Number 2014CB845906. It also supported by the National Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 41274103. The authors are the mostly grateful for the constructive comments and suggestions from the reviewers.


  • Amplification factor
  • Corner point algorithm
  • Helmholtz equation
  • Ocean surface wave elevation
  • Pohang New Harbor
  • Resonance mode


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