Water-Energy-Food Nexus-Commonalities and Differences in the United States and Europe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter synthesizes the contributions of Part 1 and Part 2 of this volume and sets the stage for Part 3. Institutional analysis is applied to summarize the lessons about water management from the preceding chapters, identifying commonalities and differences in the United States and in Europe. A number of these chapters discussed the ways that institutions in the food-energy-water nexus function during extreme events such as droughts when competition for water resources is highest, revealing various interactions and feedbacks. While the details vary, a recurring theme is that existing institutions fail to absorb all the system stresses during extreme events. As one explanation of this lack institutional resilience, it is argued that water has a special set of inherent characteristics that set it apart from other natural resources. The complex properties of water resources require management approaches that are situational, multifaceted, and adaptive. Opportunities and barriers for institutional innovations are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCompetition for Water Resources
Subtitle of host publicationExperiences and Management Approaches in the US and Europe
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780128032381
ISBN (Print)9780128032374
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Extreme events
  • Food-energy-water nexus
  • Institutional analysis
  • Institutional innovation
  • Property rights
  • Water institutions
  • Water management


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