Vulnerability, Stress, and Resilience in the Early Development of a High Risk Child

Ann S Masten, MARY J. O'CONNOR

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


A young girl at risk for schizophrenia is admitted for inpatient evaluation at age 30 months with growth failure and psychosocial retardation. Her history suggests that adverse environmental experiences, particularly the traumatic loss of primary caregivers around age 15 months, resulted in symptoms consistent with the clinical picture of anaclitic depression and associated psychosocial dwarfism. Intervention in the form of hospitalization and placement by “prescribed” adoption into a favorable caregiving environment produced dramatic recovery in growth and psychological functioning. Follow-up data document sustained positive development 3½ years later. This case illustrates the power of a developmental perspective on psychopathology for conceptualizing and planning treatment for an individual child.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-278
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1989

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Accepted August 22, 1988. Dr. Maslen is Assistant Professor of Child Psychology and MeKnight-Land Grant Professor. University of Minnesota, Institute of Child Development. Dr. O'Connor is Associate ProfessorofBiomedical Psychology, Neuropsychiatric Institute. University ofCalifornia, Los Angeles. This study was partially supported by a grant from the William T. Grant Foundation. Reprint requests to Dr. Masten, University ofMinnesota. Institute ofChild Development. 51 E. River Rd., Minneapolis. MN 55455.


  • anaclitic depression
  • growth failure
  • resilience
  • risk
  • schizophrenia


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