Voluntary and involuntary postural responses to imposed optic flow

Thomas A. Stoffregen, Philip Hove, Jennifer Schmit, Benoît G. Bardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


We demonstrated that postural responses to imposed optic flow are to some extent voluntary. In a moving room, participants either stood normally or were instructed to resist any influence of visible motion on their stance. When participants attempted to resist, coupling of body sway with motion of the room was significantly greater than when the eyes were closed, but was significantly reduced relative to coupling in the normal stance condition. The results indicate that the use of imposed optic flow for postural control is not entirely automatic or involuntary. This conclusion motivates a search for non-perceptual factors that may influence the degree to which body sway is coupled to imposed optic flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
JournalMotor control
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006


  • Motor control
  • Orientation
  • Perception and action
  • Stance
  • Visual perception


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