Volume-based method for spectrum sensing

Lei Huang, H. C. So, Cheng Qian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


It is recently shown that algorithms derived from random matrix theory (RMT) can provide superior performance for spectrum sensing, which corresponds to the task of detecting the presence of primary users in cognitive radio. The essence of the RMT-based methods is to utilize the distribution of extremal eigenvalues of the received signal sample covariance matrix (SCM), namely, the Tracy-Widom (TW) distribution. Although the TW distribution is quite useful in spectrum sensing, computationally demanding numerical evaluation is required because it does not have an explicit closed-form expression. In this paper, we devise two novel volume-based detectors by exploiting the determinant of the SCM or volume to distinguish between the signal-presence and signal-absence cases. With the use of RMT, we accurately produce the theoretical decision threshold for one of the detectors under the Gaussian noise assumption. Simulation results are included to illustrate the effectiveness of the volume-based detectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalDigital Signal Processing: A Review Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work described in this paper was in part supported by a grant from the NSFC/RGC Joint Research Scheme sponsored by the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No.: N_CityU 104/11, 61110229/61161160564 ), by the National Natural Science under Grants 61222106 and 61171187 and by the Shenzhen Kongqie talent program under Grant KQC201109020061A .


  • Cognitive radio
  • Random matrix theory
  • Signal detection
  • Spectrum sensing


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