Void space containing crystalline Cu(I) phenanthroline complexes as molecular oxygen sensors

Conor S. Smith, Kent R. Mann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Wehave shown that crystals of anumber of emissive copper compounds of the form [Cu(NN)2]X (X=BF4-, tfpb-) (where NN = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dmp), 2,9-dimethyl-4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (bdmp), 2,9-diisopropyl-1,10- phenanthroline (dipp), 2,9-ditert-butyl-1,10-phenanthroline (dbp); tfpb - = tetrakis(bis-3,5-trifluoromethylphenylborate) are oxygen sensors, if they contain void space. All of the tfpb- salts were found to be oxygen sensors reinforcing the idea that bulky counterions can produce void space and obviate the need for a support material in solidstate photoluminescent oxygen sensors.The reponse time for theX=tfpb- andNN=dipp complexwas measured to be fast (280 ms (95% of final value)). The first solid-state quantum yields and lifetimes are reported for the [Cu(NN)2]X systems and are found to be approximately 10 times larger than those observed in solution-state measurements. The linear Stern-Volmer plots with highly reproducible Ksv constants observed from sample to sample and day to day reinforce the observations that the sensing materials are crystalline, stable to air and light, and the sensing sites are homogeneous within the crystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5042-5049
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 10 2009


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