Voice onset time and the child foreign language learner of Spanish

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Stop consonants are one of the most investigated sound classes in second language speech production studies. Robust age of acquisition effects are documented in the literature base; however, the advantage of early learners has been primarily documented in second language, not foreign language, contexts. In order to further tease apart the variables of age and context, this paper compares the VOT values of /p, t, k/ of a cross-sectional sample of child, foreign language learners of Spanish with those of Spanish-English bilinguals. Learner productions did not differ from those of native speaking peers, yet there was a significant interaction of first language and grade level, suggesting that age of acquisition alone is insufficient to explain outcomes. Quantity of input, in both the first and second/foreign language, is explored as a possible explanation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationContemporary Trends in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics
Subtitle of host publicationSelected papers from the Hispanic Linguistic Symposium 2015
EditorsJonathan E. MacDonald
PublisherJohn Benjamins
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9789027200013
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NameIssues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics
ISSN (Print)2213-3887

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 John Benjamins Publishing Company


  • Early second language learning
  • Language immersion education
  • Second language phonology
  • Voice onset time


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