Vitamin-mineral supplement use and nutritional status of athletes

Terry L. Bazzarre, Anthony Scarpino, Rita Sigmon, Leonard F. Marquart, Shih Min L. Wu, Maria Izurieta

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23 Scopus citations


Dietary, anthropometric, and chronic disease risk factors (CDRF) including blood lipids and blood pressure (BP), were measured in 91 vitamin-mineral supplement users (SU) and nonusers (NU) representing a wide range of athletic interests. Supplements were used by 46 (51%) subjects; 100% of female athletes and 51% of male athletes used supplements while none of a group of 15 control female subjects currently used supplements. Both dietary intake and energy expenditure were measured using 7-day records. Adiposity was determined from body weight, body mass index, and skinfolds. Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, serum ferritin, hemoglobin, hematocrit, zinc, copper, and vitamin C were based on 12-hour fasting blood samples. Dietary intake (excluding supplements) for SU tended to be greater than NU for vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, B6, B12, folate, calcium, iron and magnesium. Plasma vitamin C levels were significantly higher among SU than NU of both gender groups (p < 0.05). Although SU may exhibit additional healthy lifestyle practices, lipid profiles for many of these athletes were unfavorable with regard to CDRF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-169
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Nutrition
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 1993


  • Athletes
  • Blood lipids
  • Body fat
  • Nutritional status
  • Vitamin-mineral supplements


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