Visual stimulus background effects on SSVEP-Based BCI towards a practical Robot car control

Xiaokang Shu, Lin Yao, Jianjun Meng, Xinjun Sheng, Xiangyang Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Flickering source is an indispensable component in steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs)-based brain-computer interface (BCI), and its background severely influences the potentials evoked by the repetitive stimuli. In this paper, we investigated the problem under three different backgrounds in the context of the SSVEP-BCI-based robot car control, including black screen, static scene and dynamic scene of the environment. In the ten subjects experiment, we found significant decrease in SSVEP amplitude in dynamic scene condition compared to the reference condition black screen (p < 0.05), which resulted in classification accuracy decrease as evaluated by 10-fold cross validation. However, our proposed experiment paradigm has shown that training with static scene or dynamic scene condition could well compensate this performance drop and improve the online robot car control with real-time video feedback. The addressed problem in our application would provide some valuable suggestions when translating the SSVEP-BCI from laboratory exploration into practical usages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1550014
JournalInternational Journal of Humanoid Robotics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 29 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 World Scientific Publishing Company.


  • BCI
  • Stimulation background
  • robot car control


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