Visual development during the second decade of life in albinism

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) during the second decade of life and the effects of albinism type and extraocular muscle surgery on BCVA in children with albinism. Methods: In this retrospective longitudinal study, 41 patients with albinism with clinic visits recording binocular BCVA at least once between the ages of 10 and 13 years (visit A) and again between the ages of 17 and 20 years (visit B) were included. Type of albinism, age at each visit, and interval eye muscle surgeries were recorded for each patient. Results: Forty (98%) patients showed BCVA improvement or stability between visits A and B. There was no significant effect of interval extraocular muscle surgery on BCVA. Those carrying either a clinically presumed or moleculary confirmed diagnosis of oculocutaneous albinism types 1B and 2 had the best visual outcomes, consistent with previous studies. Conclusions: In the majority of patients with albinism, significant improvement in BCVA occurs during the second decade of life. Extraocular muscle surgery was not a significant factor in BCVA improvement in albinism. Overall, the assessments support the finding of improvement of visual acuity in children with albinism at earlier ages and provide new information beneficial in predicting visual outcomes in the second decade of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-259
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

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