The occurrence of enteric viruses in groundwater and soil was examined beneath three different sites where slow rate sewage irrigation of cropland is practiced. At all sites, the sewage was secondarily treated (aeration) before land application. Enteric viruses were isolated from wells beneath all sites. The lowest frequency of isolation was from wells beneath the one site practicing chlorination before application by spray irrigation. Viruses were detected in wells as deep as 27.5 m.
- land application
- water reuse