Virulence of Puccinia triticina on wheat in the United States from 1996 to 1998

D. L. Long, K. J. Leonard, M. E. Hughes

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long, D. L., Leonard, K. J., and Hughes, M. E. 2000. Virulence of Puccinia triticina on wheat in the United States from 1996 to 1998. Plant Dis. 84:1334-1341. Isolates of Puccinia triticina were obtained from wheat leaf collections made by cooperators throughout the United States and from surveys of wheat fields and nurseries in the Great Plains, Ohio Valley, and Gulf Coast states in 1996, 1997, and 1998. Virulence-avirulence phenotypes were determined on 14 host lines that are near-isogenic for leaf rust resistance. We found 31 phenotypes among 277 single uredinial isolates in 1996, 56 phenotypes among 989 isolates in 1997, and 43 phenotypes among 989 isolates in 1998. As in previous surveys, regional race distribution patterns showed that the central United States is a single epidemiological unit distinct from the eastern United States. The distinctive racial composition of collections from the southeast, northeast, and Ohio Valley indicate that populations of P. triticina in those areas are not closely connected, suggesting that epidemics originate from localized overwintering sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1334-1341
Number of pages8
JournalPlant disease
Volume84
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Plant disease monitoring
  • Puccinia recondita
  • Rust epidemiology
  • Wheat leaf rust

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