The ultimate goal of bacterial based cancer therapy is to achieve non-toxic penetration and colonisation of the tumour microenvironment. To overcome this efficacy-limiting toxicity of anticancer immunotherapy, we have tested a therapy comprised of systemic delivery of a vascular disrupting agent to induce intratumoral necrotic space, cannabidiol to temporarily inhibit angiogenesis and acute inflammation, and a strain of Salmonella Typhimurium that was engineered for non-toxic colonisation and expression of immunomodulators within the tumour microenvironment. This combination treatment strategy was administered to transgenic mice burdened with autochthonous mammary gland tumours and demonstrated a statistically significant 64% slower tumour growth and a 25% increase in mean survival time compared to control animals without treatment. These experiments were accomplished with minimal toxicity as measured by less than 7% weight loss and a return to normal weight gain within three days following intravenous administration of the bacteria. Thus, non-toxic, robust colonisation of the microenvironment was achieved to produce a significant antitumor effect.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
was provided by the Hubbard Broadcasting Foundation, ProjectStealth.org, and the ASL Cancer Research Fund.
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- Bacterial cancer therapy
- cancer immunotherapy
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article