Virtual trainer for intra-detrusor injection of botulinum toxin to treat urinary incontinence

Yunhe Shen, Pankaj Vasandani, Jayesh Iyer, Arjune Gunasekaran, Yingchun Zhang, Daniel Burke, Dennis D Dykstra, Rob Sweet

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


Here we introduce a new virtual reality (VR) based simulation system for training the urological procedure of intra-detrusor botulinum toxin (Botox®) injections into the bladder. 6 cases with different bladder anatomy and 3 subtasks are included in the curriculum; this design is guided by several expert urologists according to clinical needs and experience. These virtual bladder models can be deformed by a cystoscope model or penetrated by a needle model. Data of location and dose per injection are collected during the training. After compared among various options, magnetic motion-tracking devices are chosen and integrated onto replicas of cystoscopic instruments as the VR interface for the specific operation. A web/database based learning management platform (LMP) is developed for online data access and validation studies of the training system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedicine Meets Virtual Reality 19
Subtitle of host publicationNextMed, MMVR 2012
PublisherIOS Press
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781614990215
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
EventMedicine Meets Virtual Reality 19: NextMed, MMVR 2012 - Newport Beach, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 9 2012Feb 11 2012

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
ISSN (Print)0926-9630
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8365


OtherMedicine Meets Virtual Reality 19: NextMed, MMVR 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNewport Beach, CA


  • Bladder
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Incontinence
  • Surgical training
  • Virtual reality


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