Violent victimization among disadvantaged young adults exposed to early family conflict and abuse: A 24-year prospective study of the victimization cycle across gender

Laura A. Voith, James Topitzes, Arthur J. Reynolds

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Significant associations between childhood victimization and later revictimization have materialized in previous literature; yet, the victimization cycle has been primarily explored with indicators of sexual assault, although insight into linkages between other forms of victimization remains limited. This study examined connections from family conflict exposure and physical abuse in childhood to violent crime victimization in adulthood, assessing also gender differences and neighborhood influences. Results from logistic regression and hierarchical linear modeling with data from the Chicago Longitudinal Study, a panel of 1,539 low-income, ethnic/racial minority children, unearthed a significant relation between family conflict exposure and later revictimization. Moderated by gender, these analyses showed girls exposed to frequent family conflict are particularly vulnerable to revictimization in adulthood. Exploratory analyses unveiled a potential linkage between childhood physical abuse and later revictimization for men. Neighborhood effects marginally influenced results in one instance. Public health implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-784
Number of pages18
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Childhood physical abuse
  • Cycle of victimization
  • Family conflict
  • Victimization

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