This paper presents the design and initial testing of a villagescale photovoltaic (PV) powered electrodialysis reversal (EDR) desalination system for rural India. The system was built by the authors and tested at the Brackish Groundwater National Desalination Research Facility in New Mexico. EDR has the potential to be more cost effective than currently installed village-scale reverse osmosis (RO) systems in offgrid locations due to the lower specific energy consumption of EDR versus RO at high recovery ratios. Lower energetic demand leads to lower solar power system costs for off-grid areas. The system tested in this study is designed to validate that energetic, product water quality, and water recovery requirements can be met. An analytical model of the system that accounts for the composition of natural groundwater is presented and compared to initial experimental results. Additionally, results from the USAID Desal Prize are presented showing the system's performance in regards to recovery ratio and product water quality. This paper presents the design methodology, resulting system parameters, and experimental results for an initial village-scale PV-EDR field trial.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||43rd Design Automation Conference|
|Publisher||American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2017|
|Event||ASME 2017 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2017 - Cleveland, United States|
Duration: Aug 6 2017 → Aug 9 2017
|Name||Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference|
|Other||ASME 2017 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2017|
|Period||8/6/17 → 8/9/17|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was sponsored by Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd., Tata Projects, the Tata Center for Technology and Design at MIT, and the MIT UROP program.
© 2017 ASME.