VIII. Probabilistic forecast of tsunami hazards along Chinese coast

Yingchun Liu, Yaolin Shi, Erik O.D. Sevre, Huilin Xing, David A Yuen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

There is indeed a potential non-negligible threat for Chinese coast from tsunamogenic earthquakes originating at the neighboring subducting plate boundaries of Eurasian plate and Philippine sea plate: Manila trench and the Okinawa trough. This finding comes from our newly devised method for determining the probabilistic forecast of tsunami hazard (PFTH), which finds this probability distribution from direct numerical simulation of the waves excited by hypothetical earthquakes in these zones. There are significant differences in the bottom bathymetry between the South China Sea bordering the southern province of Guangdong and the East China Sea and Yellow Sea adjacent to the provinces of Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Shandong. We have verified that the linear shallow-water equations can be employed to predict with sufficient accuracy the travel time of tsunami waves in the South China Sea, while the nonlinear shallow-water equations must be used for the shallower seas next to the northern Chinese provinces. Distribution for the possibility of tsunami waves with above 2.0 m hitting the coast has been shown in eastern China sea area, the delta region of the Yangzi River, the north-eastern coast of Zhejiang province, and northern Taiwan island. The distribution has also been displayed in South China Sea area, along the southeastern coast of mainland and Southwestern Taiwan. In this century the probability of a wave with a height of over 2.0 m to hit Hong Kong and Macau is about 10.0%, 0.5% for Shanghai, 3.2% for Wenzhou, and 7.2% for Keelung. Cities on eastern Chinese coast are less vulnerable than those on the southern Chinese coast. We also have discussed the prospects of tsunamis coming from large earthquakes along the Manila trench and the Ryukyu-Kyushu arc region to the north, as they can impact many countries in Southeast Asia, besides China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Geocomputing
EditorsHuilin Xing
Pages279-317
Number of pages39
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 24 2009

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Earth Sciences
Volume119
ISSN (Print)0930-0317

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  • Cite this

    Liu, Y., Shi, Y., Sevre, E. O. D., Xing, H., & Yuen, D. A. (2009). VIII. Probabilistic forecast of tsunami hazards along Chinese coast. In H. Xing (Ed.), Advances in Geocomputing (pp. 279-317). (Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences; Vol. 119). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-85879-9_8