Vicarious severe school discipline predicts racial disparities among non-disciplined Black and White American adolescents

Juan Del Toro, Ming Te Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Racial disparities in school discipline may have collateral consequences on the larger non-suspended student population. The present study leveraged two longitudinal datasets with 1201 non-suspended adolescents (48% Black, 52% White; 55% females, 45% males; Mage: 12–13) enrolled in 84 classrooms in an urban mid-Atlantic city of the United States during the 2016–2017 and 2017–2018 academic years. Classmates' minor infraction suspensions predicted greater next year's defiant infractions among non-suspended Black adolescents, and this longitudinal relation was worse for Black youth enrolled in predominantly Black classrooms. For White youth, classmates' minor infraction suspensions predicted greater defiant infractions specifically when they were enrolled in predominantly non-White classrooms. Racial inequities in school discipline may have repercussions that disadvantage all adolescents regardless of race.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1762-1778
Number of pages17
JournalChild development
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Child Development published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society for Research in Child Development.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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